Browsing: US Dollar Forecast

US dollar forecast: Preview for the main foreign exchange events that will rock currencies ► focusing on major events and especially on publications in the USA, moving the US dollar (greenback). Here are some general data. Scroll down for the latest US dollar outlook

USD and forex general characteristics

The United States Dollar is the reserve currency of the world, partly due to its use in settling oil prices and other commodities. Foreign exchange pairs are divided into majors, minors, and crosses. Both majors and minors include the USD.

US economic indicators and political developments influence currencies more than anywhere else in the world. The decisions and statements by Federal Reserve officials make the biggest waves. The US economy is by far the largest in the world. US politics and policy also have an outsized impact on currencies.

The outlook consists of mostly US economic events but also key market-moving figures from other major economies. The euro-zone, the UK, and Japan stand out.

Recent USD Moves

The greenback suffered a bad start to the year: poor growth and scandals hurt the US dollar. Hopes for fiscal stimulus faded with the repeated failures to repeal Obamacare. Despite two rate hikes in the first half, the dollar struggled. Other economies outperformed America.

The second half already looks a lot different: economic growth reached 3% annualized and the Fed seems to stick to its plan to hike rates three times. In addition, Trump’s tax plan inspires markets, despite hurdles to pass it before Christmas.

Headwinds come from the political scandals. Low inflation also weighs on the dollar. If the “mystery” persists and wages do not accelerate, Janet Yellen and co. could refrain from further tightening. The new Fed Chair Jerome Powell will take office in February 2018, and he may not stick to the current plan of raising rates three times.

Latest weekly US Dollar forecast

The stock market sell-off grabbed the headlines and triggered a risk-off sentiment that had clear implications for currencies. Will the crash continue? The focus shifts back to the US with the inflation and retail sales reports.  Here are the highlights for the upcoming week.

The US stock market sell-off on Monday set the tone for the week and was followed by another significant drop on Thursday. In this environment, the safe-haven yen is sought after and the US follows. All the rest lag behind. The pound stood out with gains amid a hawkish stance from the BOE. The euro received mixed messages from ECB officials. The RBA left rates unchanged as expected but weak Australian data added to the sell-off. The loonie also had its trouble: oil prices turned south. Will the sell-off continue?

Updates:
  1. UK inflation report: Tuesday, 9:30. After the BOE turned hawkish, market expectations for a rate hike in May have risen quite substantially. However, a lot depends on the inflation keeping up. Headline CPI stood at 3% y/y in December and now we get the first release for 2018. A slide to 2.9% is forecast. Core CPI was 2.5% and it is expected to tick up to 2.6% now.
  2. German GDP: Wednesday, 7:00. We already have a preliminary estimate of euro-zone GDP, but that did not include the largest economy: Germany. The locomotive of the euro-zone saw a very robust growth rate of 0.8% in Q3 2017. We will now get an estimate for the Q4 and the full year. Q4 carries expectations for 0.6%.
  3. US inflation: Wednesday, 13:30. Inflation is the missing ingredient: with solid growth, an upbeat job market and even higher wages, the absence of inflation is a “mystery” as former Fed Chair Janet Yellen described it in the past. Core CPI rose by 0.3% m/m in December with 0.2% expected now. Year over year, core prices advanced by 1.8% and a repeat is on the cards now.. A rise here is the key. Headline inflation was only 0.1% and is now expected to rise by 0.3%.
  4. US retail sales: Wednesday, 13:30. The US economy is focused on consumption, making this a top-tier indicator. However, with the growing importance of inflation and the simultaneous publication, an “as expected” outcome on CPI would be needed to put more emphasis on sales. In December, both headline and core sales rose by 0.4%. Headline sales are projected to rise by 0.5% and core sales by 0.2%.
  5. Australian jobs report: Thursday, 00:30. Australia gained 34.7K jobs in December in an excellent jobs report. This time, a more modest rise of 15.2K is expected while the unemployment rate is predicted to remain unchanged at 5.5%.
  6. US PPI: Thursday, 13:30. The Producer Price Index usually has more impact when it is released before the CPI, but it still carries a lot of weight. PPI and Core PI both slipped by 0.1% back in December. Headline PPI is expected to rise by 0.4% m/m and core PPI by 0.2%. Note that the Empire State Manufacturing Index (17.7 last time) and the Philly Fed Manufacturing Index (22.2 last time) are published at the same time.
  7. US housing data: Friday, 13:30. Building permits and housing starts have a significant impact when they move in tandem but they can also offset each other. In December, building permits stood at a high annualized level of 1.30 million and are expected to tick up to 1.31 million. Housing starts lagged behind with 1.19 million and 1.23 million is projected now.  Note that the US releases import prices at the same time.
  8. US consumer sentiment: Friday, 15:00. The University of Michigan’s consumer confidence measure was at 95.7 points in the final read for January. It will be interesting to see if the stock market downturn will have had an impact on sentiment in the preliminary read for January. Only a minor slide to 95.6 is forecast.

*All times are GMT

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