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Non-Farm Payrolls: +157K, unemployment rate: 7.9% in January, Huge

The US economy gained 157K jobs in January, in line with expectations. The unemployment rate is now 7.9, a marginal disappointment. Early expectations stood on a gain of 161K jobs and an unemployment rate of 7.8%, like the report for December, which was now revised to the upside: +7.9%. There were huge revisions: +127K for November and December.

EUR/USD traded around 1.3650 and USD/JPY was above 92 before the publication. USD/JPY is a bit weaker and EUR/USD a bit higher, but the headline number seems to have caused a market stall. The revisions haven’t been digested by the markets

The details:

  • Non-Farm Payrolls: +157K
  • Participation Rate: 63.6%  
  • Unemployment Rate: 7.9%.
  • Revisions: Huge: +127K
  • Private Sector NFP: +165K (ADP showed a gain of 192K, above expectations)
  • Real Unemployment Rate (U-6): Unchanged at 14.4%.
  • Employment to population ratio: 58.6%
  • Average Hourly Earnings: +0.2% as expected

As mentioned here and here, an improvement in job market encourages people to return to the job market and look for jobs – this in turn raises the work force and keeps the unemployment rate high.

Last month, the initial report showed a gain of 155K jobs and an unemployment rate of 7.8%, within expectations. Also other figures remained mostly unchanged. Job gains have been quite steady of late.

The fact that Non-Farm Payrolls are reported on the first day of the month made forecasting a big harder: the purchasing managers’ indices from ISM will be published only after the NFP (manufacturing today and services next week).

In the hours before the release, EUR/USD and USD/JPY continued their upwards move, with EUR/USD breaking above uptrend resistance. The strength of the euro, that seemed unstoppable resulted in thoughts that the NFP is a win-win situation for the euro.

Yohay Elam

Yohay Elam

Yohay Elam: Founder, Writer and Editor I have been into forex trading for over 5 years, and I share the experience that I have and the knowledge that I've accumulated. After taking a short course about forex. Like many forex traders, I've earned a significant share of my knowledge the hard way. Macroeconomics, the impact of news on the ever-moving currency markets and trading psychology have always fascinated me. Before founding Forex Crunch, I've worked as a programmer in various hi-tech companies. I have a B. Sc. in Computer Science from Ben Gurion University. Given this background, forex software has a relatively bigger share in the posts.